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烤漆房:确保钢结构防火涂料使用正常的相应对策

文章发布: 发表时间: 2017-06-13 10:02:57

1.对钢结构修建进行科学的防火维护
1., the construction of steel structures for scientific fire protection
现在,咱们通常运用的办法有:钢结构外表喷涂防火涂料;用现浇混凝土作外包层;钢构件内充水等,其间运用最为广泛的是钢结构外表喷涂防火涂料。
Now, we usually use the method of appearance: steel structure fire protection coating; cast-in-place concrete as outer layer; steel member is filled with water, which is the most widely used steel structure fire protection coating appearance.
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2.加大宣扬训练教学的力度
2., strengthen the training and teaching efforts
防火工程形成的火险危险原因是多方面的,但很主要的一个原因是思想认识不到位,小看火灾预防,对违规施工存在侥幸心理。消防部分应运用报纸、播送等方式广泛宣扬钢结构阻燃处理的主要性和必要性,当令组织规划、施工单位进行消防训练,进步规划、施工人员的事务理论水平和法律守法意识。3.加强对防火涂料商场的规范办理
There are many reasons for the fire danger in the fire prevention project, but one of the main reasons is that the understanding of the fire is not in place, and the fire prevention is underestimated. The fire part should use newspaper, broadcast, widely publicize the importance and necessity of steel structure fire retardant treatment, timely organization planning, construction units of fire training, progress planning, construction personnel affairs theoretical level and law-abiding consciousness. 3., strengthen the management of the fire retardant shopping mall
凡是防火涂料的生产厂家必须有国家查看机构查看合格的报告,方准出厂出售,并应附有运用说明书,标明技能功能、制作批号、贮存期限、适用范围;消防监督部分应对每批防火涂料进行出厂前的质量抽检,并查验其包装、标贴、说明等是不是符合规定请求。关于防火涂料的施工单位,清晰请求持有有关施工天资。
All fire retardant coatings manufacturers must have the national institutions view check the qualified report, shall be allowed to sell the factory, and should be accompanied by the use of manual skills, production batch number, indicating function of storage period, the scope of fire supervision; part of dealing with each batch of fire retardant coatings were ex factory quality inspection, and inspection of the packaging, label, description is not in conformity with the provisions of the request. With regard to fire retardant coatings, the construction units are clearly requested to possess the relevant construction expertise.
4.严把审阅关
4., strictly review the pass
在受理钢结构审阅项目时,请求规划单位在图纸中清晰修建物的运用性质、耐火等级、火灾危险性分类、生产技能流程、防火涂料的施工办法等消防规划内容。承当消防工程的施工单位应具有相应的天资,并在施工前将施工计划报消防部分审阅。关于规划不全、无施工计划的,消防部分能够下发不受理通知单并注明不受理的理由。
In the acceptance of steel structure project review, request planning units in the drawings of buildings with clear properties, fire resistance rating, fire hazard classification and production skills process, fire protection coating methods of fire protection planning content. The construction unit that undertakes fire protection project should have corresponding talent, and the construction plan will be reported to fire control section before construction. With regard to incomplete planning or no construction plan, the fire department may issue a notice without acceptance and indicate the reasons for not accepting it.
5.准确选用防火涂料种类
5., accurate selection of fire retardant categories
现在商场上防火涂料的种类繁多,其防火功能也不尽相同。不能把构成、制作技能、质检办法和规范以及施用技能等方面存在显着不一样的饰面型防火涂料用于维护钢结构;对钢结构防火涂料应根据钢结构耐火极限请求选用不一样的防火涂料:耐火极限不超越1h时,可选用超薄型或薄型防火涂料;耐火极限不超越2.5h时,可选用薄型或厚浆型防火涂料;耐火极限在2.5h以上时,应选用厚浆型防火涂料。暴露部位且装饰作用请求高时,如房顶承重构件可选用超薄型防火涂料,暴露的柱及网架构件则可选用薄型涂料,荫蔽部位选用厚浆型涂料。不能将技能功能仅满足于室内钢结构防火涂料规范请求的商品未加技能改进就用于维护室外钢结构,露天钢结构防火涂料的选用应思考其耐水、防冻、防腐等要素,只要这样,才能真实发挥涂料的防火功能。
Nowadays, there are many kinds of fireproof coatings on the market, and their fireproof function is different. Not to have significant decorative fireproof coating for different steel structure, making maintenance skills, quality inspection methods and standards and application skills; fireproof coatings for steel structure steel structure fireproof limit should be based on the requirements of the selected coating is not the same: the fire resistance limit of not more than 1h, can be used for ultra-thin or thin fire coating; fire resistance limit does not exceed 2.5h, can choose a thin or thick type fireproof coating; fire resistance is above 2.5h, should choose thick fire retardant coating. The exposed parts and decorative function request is high, such as the roof bearing members can choose the ultra-thin fire retardant coating, and column grid components exposed can use thin coating, shaded parts of the choice of thick paint. Not only to meet the specification of skill function of indoor fire retardant coatings for steel structure request goods without skills improvement for the maintenance of outdoor steel structure, selection of outdoor fireproofing coatings for steel structures should consider its water, antifreeze, corrosion and other factors, as long as this, can really play the functions of fire coatings.
6.及时进行施工现场查看
6. timely construction site view
防火涂料工程施工较快,加强对施工现场的监督查看非常主要。通过施工现场查看,能够把握施工部队的状况、工程的进展、施工质量和商品质量。只要实地查看,才干发现危险并及时催促整改,防止不必要的损失。有条件的当地,还能够从施工现场取样并对样品进行热功能剖析、对比、查验,保证工程质量。
Fire retardant coating construction is faster, and strengthen supervision of the construction site, the view is very important. Through the construction site view, to grasp the construction forces of the situation, the progress of the project, construction quality and quality of goods. As long as the field view, to find the danger, and promptly urge the rectification, to prevent unnecessary losses. Qualified local, but also from the construction site sampling, and thermal function of the sample analysis, comparison, inspection, to ensure the quality of the project.
7.严厉检验规范
7. severe inspection specification
在工程竣工检验前,消防部分应让建造、施工、监理单位出具质量查看报告,把握工程施工状况。在工程检验时,不只要注重消防设施的检验,还应把钢结构防火涂料的检验放在主要方位。消防监督人员不只要眼看、手摸,还应装备测厚仪等必要的查看设备。关于施工质量达不到请求的,该返工的要返工,该处分的处分,保证钢结构消防工程的质量,从根本上消除钢结构工程存在的火灾危险。
Before the completion of the project inspection, the fire department should let the construction, construction, supervision units issued a quality inspection report, grasp the construction situation. In the inspection of the project, not only the inspection of fire protection facilities should be paid attention to, but also the inspection of the fireproof coating of steel structure should be placed in the main direction. Fire control personnel not only look, hand touch, should also be equipped with thickness gauge and other necessary viewing equipment. If the quality of the construction fails to meet the requirements, the reworked work shall be reworked, the punishment dealt with, and the quality of the fire fighting project of the steel structure shall be guaranteed, so as to eliminate the fire danger existing in the steel structure project at the root.

 

 

 

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